Journal: Education Internacional for Latin America
Abstract: This document deals with intercultural bilingual education (IBE), its current status and the concepts and processes driving it today – and in a certain way the conflicts encompassing it. It contains information on Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia and Paraguay, and includes some data and comments on Norway. Certainly all Latin America is involved in the topic, one way or another, but for now this is the geographical scope of the paper. It seeks to give an overview of the whole and profile a few specific aspects by country.
From an historical perspective, in all the countries what we know today as IBE began in reality as simply bilingual education. The aim was to enable the indigenous populations to become Hispanicized and evangelized, and to generate a more effective hegemonic dominance. Although these phenomena could be studied separately, full comprehension of them would require an explanation that integrates them.
This document is part of this process initiated by Education Internacional for Latin America in cooperation with Union of Education Norway